Land Procurement for Upstream Oil and Gas Business Activities in Indonesia

Subadi Subadi

Abstract


This paper aims to provide an understanding and insight regarding land procurement for oil and gas exploration activities as well as the development of regulations or legal and policy breakthroughs that have so far not been or very little exposed. Land procurement has always been a serious obstacle or obstacle to oil and gas exploration activities in Indonesia. Land procurement for oil and gas exploration using a business to business (B to B) mechanism makes it very difficult for SKK Migas and the contractor. In recent years, the government has made legal breakthroughs to simplify and accelerate the land procurement mechanism for exploration activities. This study uses a normative juridical method supported by in-depth interviews with legal experts, land acquisition committees and landowners and has produced conclusions: First, the business to business (B to B) mechanism often faces obstacles and obstacles, such as; 1) refusal from the landowner; 2) inconsistency with the spatial layout; 3) there is a land dispute with other parties; 4) it is difficult for oil and gas contractors to process land certification. Second, the discretion which is considered as a legal breakthrough or new policy that is ideal in helping to smooth and accelerate the process of oil and gas production in Indonesia.

Keywords


land procurement, upstream business, oil and gas, Indonesia

References


REFERENCES

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Journal

Koeswahyono, Imam dan Hikmatul Ula, Institutional Policy in Land Procurement Under The Omnibus Law Regime, (2020) 7 (1), Brawijaya Law Journal.

Mustama, Julista, “Diskresi dan Tanggungjawab Administrasi Pemerintahan” (Discretion and Government Administration Responsibilities), E-Jurnal Unpati, https://ejournal. unpatti.ac.id, diakses pada 11 Mei 2017.

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Naskah Internet

Anastasia Arvirianty, CNBC Indonesia, Petro News, Majalah Ekonomi Peduli Lingkungan (Environmental Care Economy Magazine), https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/news /20190128120839-4-52620/percepat-proyek-skk-igas-dapat-diskresi-pembebasan-lahan, Diakses tanggal 6 Oktober 2020.

ATR: Pengadaan Lahan untuk Proyek Migas Dipermudah (Facilitated Land Procurement for Oil and Gas Projects); https://nasional. kontan.co.id/news/ kementerian-agraria-teken-kerjasama-sertifikat-tanah-dengan-skk-migas, Diakses Tanggal 8 Oktober 2020.

Peraturan Perundang-undangan

Law Number 22 Year 2001 on Oil and Natural Gas.

Law Number. 2 of 2012 on Land Acquisition for Development for Public Interest.

Law Number 30 of 2014 on Government Administration.

Presidential Regulation Number 71 of 2012 on Implementation of Land Procurement for Development for Public Interest.

Presidential Regulation Number 40 of 2014 on Implementation of Land Procurementfor Development in the Public Interest.


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