Legal Framework for Sustainable Conservation of Fishery Resources in the Marine Environment of Nigeria


  • Roseline Moses-Oke Faculty of Law, Edo State University, Uzairue, Edo State, Nigeria
  • Mercy Erhun



conservation, fishery resources, marine environment, legal framework, sustainability


It is impossible to overstate the value of effective fisheries sector management in a society like Nigeria. This will guarantee enough food at affordable prices and a source of social and economic advancement for the populace. Living ocean resources are in danger of becoming extinct due to the high harvesting rates. Over time, the legal measures enacted to safeguard the maritime environment and actions taken by the institutions tasked with upholding them have been shown to be insufficient and ineffectual. In this study, the management of fisheries and marine life resources and the difficulties it faces was evaluated using both primary and secondary sources of information. This was geared toward creating a framework that guarantees the sustainable conservation of marine living resources in Nigeria, particularly fisheries. According to the study, fisheries must be conserved if they are to remain productive for a very long time. It describes the opportunities and difficulties facing the Nigerian fishing regime and suggests ways to achieve long-term preservation of the fishery resources in the Nigerian marine environment.


Adobati, Fulvio, and Emanuele Garda. “Soil Releasing as Key to Rethink Water Spaces in Urban Planning.” City Territ Archit 7, no. 9 (2020): 1–16.

Ajao, E A, and S O Fagade. “A Study of the Sediments and Commitments in Lagos Lagoons.” Oil and Chemical Pollution 7 (1990): 85–117.

Ajuzie, C O. Our Common Environment: Understanding the Environment, Law and Policy. University of Lagos Press, 2012.

Akankali, J A, and N A Jamabo. “A Review of Some Factors Militating Against Sustainable Artisanal Fisheries Development in Niger Delta, Nigeria.” Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3, no. 5 (2011): 369–77.

Ako, R. “Nigeria’s Land Use Act: An Anti-Thesis to Environmental Justice.” Journal of African Law 53, no. 2 (2009): 287.

Amiengheme, P. “The Role of Federal Department of Fisheries.” In Proceedings of the National Conference on Conservation of Aquatic Resources. National Resources Conservation Council, (NARESCON), 1993.

Azionu, B C, S I Ovie, B Adigun, and B Y Atiribom. “Prospects and Problems of Nigerian Inland Capture Fisheries: The Dimension of Sustainability.” In Fisheries Association of Nigeria, Book of Abstract, 2005.

Barlow, J, and G A Cameron. “Field Experiments Show That Acoustic Pingers Reduce Marine Mammal Bycatch in the California Drift Gill Net Fishing Fishery.” Marine Mammal Science 19, no. 2 (2003): 265–83.

Bell, Johann, Valérie Allain, Edward Allison, Serge Andréfouët, Neil Andrew, Mike Batty, Michel Blanc, et al. “Diversifying the Use Lof Tuna to Improve Food Security and Public Health in Pacific Island Countries and Territories.” Marine Policy 51 (2015): 584–91.

Bjorndal, T. “Climate Change and the Migratory Patter for Norwegian Spring-Spawning Herring – Implications for Management.” Marine Policy 29, no. 5 (2005): 299.

Bolorunduro, P. “Livestock and Fish Production Technology for Women in Agriculture.” In Proceedings of National Trading Workshop Held at NAERI, 65–68, 1996.

Chukwu, L O. “Environmental Hazards to Small-Scale Fisheries Resources Management in Nigeria.”, 1999.

Costello, Mark. “Marine Nature Conservation Must Focus on Fully-Protected Reserves, Not Resources Management.” Marine Conservation Institute, The University of Auckland, 2018.

Deere, C. “International Trade, Conservation and Sustainable Development in the Fisheries Sector: Conflict or Compatibility.” In Ocean Year Book, edited by E M Borgese, A Chircop, and M McConnel. Chicago Vol 15, 2001.

Dobson, Barnaby, and Ana Mijic. “Protecting Rivers by Integrating Supply-Wastewater Infrastructure Planning and Coordinating Operational Decisions.” Environmental Research Letters 15, no. 11 (2020): 114025.

Ekpo, and Nzegbule. “Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Opportunities in Agricultural Production in Communities Around Itu Bridge-Head in Itu Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.” International Journal of Environmental Sciences 2, no. 4 (2012).

Enyenihi, U K. “Biological Conservation for Environmental Stability and Food Production.” Trans Nig. Soc. Biol. Conserve 1 (1990): 4–10.

Etim, L. “The Tragedy of the Commons: Alleviating the Tragedy by Managing the Commons in Nigerian Waters.” In The 27th Inaugural Lecture of the University of Uyo. University of Uyo Press, Nigeria, 2010.

Eyo, A A, and Y B Ahmed. “Management of Inland Capture Fisheries and Challenges to Fish Production in Nigeria.” Accessed January 25, 2016.

Holzloehner, S, F M Nwosu, and U I Enin. “Fishing Effort Statistics of the Artisanal Fisheries of the Cross River Estuary, Nigeria.” Global Journal Pf Pure and Applied Sciences 19, no. 2 (2004): 249–56.

Huse, G, and I Ellingson. “Capelin Migrations and Climate Change – A Modeling Analysis.” Climate Change 87, no. 1–2 (2008): 177–78.

Imaobong, E E, and A E Mando. “Development, Prospects and Challenges of Artisanal Fisheries in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.” International Journal of Environmental Science, Management and Engineering Research 2, no. 3 (2013): 69–86.

Ipinmoroti. Salvaging Fisheries Systems in the Face of Climate Change. Uyo: Faculty of Agriculture, University of Uyo, 2012.

Kirk, Nicholas, Andrew Fenemor Melissa Robson-Williams, and Nathan Heath. “Exploring the Barriers to Freshwater Policy Implementation in New Zealand.” Australasian Journal of Water Resources 24, no. 2 (2020): 91–104.

Komolafe, O O. Fish, Man and Environment: Strategy of Survival. Inaugural Lecture Series. Vol. 342. Ile-Ife, Nigeria: Obafemi Awolowo University Printing Press, 2019.

Neiland, A E, and Others. “The Lack Chad Basin Fisheries: A Strategic Analysis of Key Policy Issues Affecting Aquatic Resource Management, Stakeholder Livelihoods and Economic Development.” In Sustainable Development of African Continental Fisheries: A Regional Study of Policy-Information Mechanisms in the Lake Chad Basin (Final Report), edited by A E Neiland and C Bene. Commission INCO Project No. ERBIC!!8CT980331, 2002.

Neilland, A E, S P Madakan, and C Bene. “’Traditional Management Systems, Poverty and Changes in the Arid Zone Fisheries of Northern Nigeria.” Journal of Agrarian Change 5, no. 1 (2005).

Nkeme, K K, N U Ndaeyo, and A J Akpaeti. “Chokor Smoker Kiln Technology Adoption in Akwa Ibom State: Constraints and Prospects.” American Journal of Research Communication 1, no. 3 (2013): 89–96.

Nwosu, A. C. “The Impact of Large Scale Acquisition of Land on Small Holder Farmers in Nigeria.” In Issues in African Rural Development: African Rural Social Sciences Research Networks, edited by Cheryl Doss and Carol Olson, 196–217. Morrilton AR, 1991.

Nwosu, F. M., E. O. Ita, and U. I. Enin. “Fishery Management in Nigeria: A Case Study of the Marine Fisheries Policy.” International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science 1, no. 3 (2011): 70.

Okorodudu-Fubara, M T. Laws of Environmental Protection: Materials and Text. Nigeria: Caltop Publications, 1998.

Olawuyi, Damilola S. The Principles of Nigerian Environmental Law. Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria: Afe Babalola University Printing Press, 2015.

Oludayo, A G. Environmental Law and Practice in Nigeria. University of Lagos, 2004.

Omorinkoba, W S, O O Ogunfowora, N D Ago, and M B Mishelia. “Artisanal Fisheries Activities in Lake Kainji.” In Forty Years on Lake Kainji Fisheries Research, edited by A Raji, A N Okaeme, and M O Ibeun, 43–53, 2011.

Oruonye, E D. “The Challenges of Fishery Resource Management Practices in Mayo Ranewo Community in Ardo Kola Local Government Area(LGA), Taraba State Global.” Journal of Science Frontier Research: D Agriculture and Veterinary 14, no. 3 (2014): 21.

“The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture Contributing to Food Security and Nutrition for All, Rome 2016.” Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 2016. www,fao,org/3/a-i5555e.pdf.

Tobor, J G. “Marine Fish Resources of Western Africa: Potentials, Management, Development and Constraints to Their Utilization to Satisfy Increasing Demand.” In NIOMR Technical Paper No. 70, 25, 1991.

World Bank. Washington D: Hidden Harvest – The Global Contribution of Capture Fisheries. Report No. 06469-GLB, 2012.




How to Cite

Moses-Oke, Roseline, and Mercy Erhun. 2022. “Legal Framework for Sustainable Conservation of Fishery Resources in the Marine Environment of Nigeria”. Brawijaya Law Journal : Journal of Legal Studies 9 (2):126-40.