Protection of Interests of Children: The Roles of Religions and Legal Regimes

Akintunde Abidemi Adebayo

Abstract


Religion provides the basis for the protection of human rights, namely, right to life, dignity of human person, right to property, among others. Without prejudice or disrespect to other religions, this paper focuses on Christianity religion and protection of rights of children considering their vulnerability. To this end, the Holy Bible provides for measures to safeguard, protect and ensure the good as well proper upbringing of children. Similarly, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, OAU Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child and the Child Rights Act provide for protection of rights of children. The essence of these provisions is to ensure the smooth running of the society and betterment of humanity. Therefore, this paper examines the salient provisions to safeguard and protect rights and interests of children in Christianity as well as under the aforementioned legal regimes. It concludes that while not undermining the significant role of laws in the protection of rights of children, religion plays an augmenting role of protecting the interests of children by instilling in members of the society, the needed respect for humanity and morality which is mostly lacking in the modern era. It recommends among other things that, government at all levels as well as religious leaders should give priority attention to the protection of children. 


Keywords


child; human rights; christianity; religion; rights of children

Full Text:

PDF

References


Book and Report

Women Consortium of Nigeria, and ECPAT International, Sexual Exploitation of Children in Nigeria Submission 29 March 2018” Human Rights Council 31st Session, for the Universal Periodic Review of Human Rights Situation in Nigeria, to the Human Rights Council 31th Session (October – November 2018).

USDOS-US Department of State, ‘Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2017 – Nigeria,’ Document No. 1430111- US Department of State, available online at .

Article

OL Niyi-Gafar and OB Igbayiloye, ‘Adopting a Rights-Based Approach Towards the Legal Protection of the Nigerian Child’ (2016) 4 (1) Akungba Law Journal.

RA Aborisade and OO Balogun, ‘Dual Punishment: Mothers in Nigerian Prisons and their Children’ (2016) 19 (1) African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.

Smaranda Olarinde, ‘Reflections on the Basic Rights of the Nigerian Child under the Child Rights Act, 2003’ (2005) 4 University of Ibadan Journal of Private and Business Law.

IKE Oraegbunam, ‘Islamic Law Religious Freedom and Human Rights in Nigeria’ (2012) 2 (1) African Journal of Law and Criminology.

MA Araromi, ‘Prisoners Rights under the Nigerian Law: Legal Pathways to Progressive Realization and Protection’ (2015) 6 (1) Afe Babalola University Journal of Sustainable Development, Law and Policy.

DI Dimkpa, ‘The Plight of Women Inmates in Rivers State, Nigeria’ (2011) 31 (1) Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences.

Regulation

Holly Bible: Isiaiah 8:18; Genesis 33:5; Hebrews 2:13; Isiaiah 54:13; Exodus 1:17; Exodus 2; 1 Kings 17; 2 Kings 4; Acts 20:10; Luke 8:54, Matthew 9:25, Mark 5:41, Luke 9:42, Matthew 17:18 and Mark 9:26-27; Matthew 18:14; Malachi 4:6.; Isiaiah 66:13; Deuteronomy 30:19.; Amos 1:13 and Psalm 94:6; Jeremiah 7:30-31, 19:5, and 32:35, Ezekiel 16:20, 20:31, and 23:37-3; Isaiah 65:20; Genesis 22; James 2:21-23; Jeremiah 32:35; Mathew 7:11; 1 Timothy 3:12.; 2 Corinthians 12:14.; Job 24:9, Nehemiah 5:5, and Joel 3:3.; Joel 3:3; Isaiah 21:8-20; Mark 9:37; Luke 10:12; Mathew 11:25.; Mark 10:14; Mark 10:16; Mark 10:15; Acts 2:39; Joel 2:28; Psalm 127: 3-5; Psalm 128:3; Proverbs 17:6; Proverbs 20:7; Isaiah 10:2, Ezekiel 22:7, Jeremiah 7:6 and 22:3, Zechariah 7:10 and Malachi 3:5; Matthew 18:6, Mark 9:42 and Luke 17:2; Deuteronomy 24:17-21; Deuteronomy 24:17-21; Psalm 72:4 and 82:3, Isaiah 1:17 and James 1:27; Psalm 82:3; Mathew 18:6; Leviticus 20:22-25; Leviticus 20:22-25; Proverbs 22:6; Deuteronomy 22:15; Deuteronomy 22:13; Deuteronomy 22:14; Ephesians 6:4; Deuteronomy 30:16; Proverbs 23:22; Proverbs 29:15; Deuteronomy 4:9; Deuteronomy 6:5-7; Colossians 3:2; Mark 7:10; Colossians 3:20; Ephesians 6: 1-3; 2 Kings 5:2-3; Ruth 4:15, Psalm 37:26, Isaiah 29:23; Deuteronomy 31:12-13, Joshua 8:35, Nehemiah 12:43, Psalm 148:11, Joel 2:16 and 10:7, Matthew 21:15, John 4:46-53, Acts 16:33, 18:7, 21:5; Joshua 4:6; Psalm 8:2; Genesis 37:2; 1 Samuel 17:41; 1 Samuel 2-3; 2 Kings 22; 2 Chronicles 26; John 6: 9-11; Jeremiah 1:7, 1 Timothy 4:1; Matthew 2:11, Luke 2:8-40; Isaiah 9:6.

Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999.

Child Rights Act 2003

Nigerian Child Rights Act 2003.

OAU Charter on Rights and Welfare of the Child, Doc. CAB/LEG/24.9/49 (1990) entered into force November 29 1999.

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989.

Internet

Agiobu-Kemmer, ‘Baby Prisoners – How they fair in Captivity’ Nigerian Guradian Newspaper of 19 June 2016 available online at accessed 22 November 2019.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.blj.2020.007.02.06

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.