Judicial Exposition of Gender Justice as a Constitutional Mandate: A Narrative from India





constitution of india, gender justice, gender discrimination, judicial interpretation, social transformation


The catalytic role played by the Indian judiciary in providing visibility to the 'covert social prejudices' against females has succeeded in alleviating the condition of women in our patriarchal society. This paper strives to highlight the proactive role played by the judiciary in recent years, addressing women concerns in a different light, which were hitherto unconditionally accepted with complacence. Purposive approach adopted by the judiciary in interpreting existing laws, manifests adherence to the constitutional mandate of gender equality. Further, an attempt has been made to identify the areas where judicial action has fallen short in bringing about real justice to women. The research is primarily based on the normative method presenting qualitative analysis of the constitutional and legislative provisions and their judicial exposition. The paper concludes that judicial creativity needs the backing of social acceptability to bring about real social transformation towards the constitutional mandate of gender justice.

Author Biography

Shipra Gupta, Panjab University, India


Associate Professor,

Department of Laws,

Panjab University,



Qualification: LL.B., LL.M., Ph.D.



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The Constitution of India

The Dowry Prohibition Act 1961

The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act 2005

The Indian Foreign Service (Conduct and Discipline) Rules 1961

The Indian Penal Code 1860

The Kerala Hindu Places of Public Worship (Authorisation of Entry) Rules 1965

The Maternity Benefit Act 1961 (as amended in 1995)

The Pre-Conception and Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex-Selection) Act 2001

The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006

The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2006.

The Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act 2013.

List of cases

ABC v. State (NCT of Delhi) (2015) 10 SCC 1.

Ahmedabad Women Action Group (AWAG) v. Union of India (1997) 3 SCC 573.

Air India v. Nargesh Mirza AIR 1981 SC 1829.

Anil Kumar Mahsi v. Union of India(1994) 5 SCC 704.

Apparel Export Promotion Council v. A. K. Chopra (1999) 1 SCC 759.

Badshah v. Urmila Badshah Godse (2014) 1 SCC 188.

C.B. Muthamma v. Union of India (1979) 4 SCC 260.

Capt. Ramesh Chander Kaushal v. Veena Kaushal (1978) 4 SCC 70.

Centre for Enquiry into Health and Allied Themes v Union of India (2001) 5 SCC 577.

Chairman, Railway Board v Chandrima Das (2000) 2 SCC 465.

Chandrakant Jayantilal Suthar v State of Gujarat (2015) 8 SCC.

Charu Khurana v Union of India (2015) 1 SCC 192.

Dalmia Cement (Bharat) Ltd. v Union of India (1996) 10 SCC 104.

Danial Latifi v Union of India (2001) 7 SCC 740.

Delhi Domestic Working Women’s Forum v Union of India (1995) 1 SCC 14.

Gita Hariharan v Reserve Bank of India (1999) 2 SCC 228.

Govt. of A.P. v P.B. Vijayakumar (1995) 4 SCC 520.

Re Gang-Rape Ordered by Village Kangaroo Court in W.B. (2014) 4 SCC 786.

Independent Thought v Union of India Writ Petition Civil No. 382 of 2013

Indian Young Lawyers Association v State of Kerala Writ Petition (Civil) No. 373 of 2006

Joseph Shine v Union of India W.P. (Criminal) 194 of 2017.

Koppisetti Subbharao v State of Andhra Pradesh Criminal Appeal No. 867 of 2009

Lata Singh v State of U.P. (2006) 5 SCC 475.

Lillu v State of Haryana, (2013) 14 SCC 643.

Madhu Kishwar v State of Bihar (1996) 5 SCC 125.

Medha Kotwal Lele v Union of India (2013) 1 SCC 297.

Mukesh v NCT of Delhi Cr. Appeal Nos. 607-608 of 2017 arising out of S.L.P. (Cr.) Nos. 3119-3120 of 2014.

Neera Mathur v LIC (1992) 1 SCC 286.

Prakash v Phulavati (2016) 2 SCC 36.

Rajesh Kumar Gupta v State of U.P. (2005) 5 SCC 172.

Reema Aggarwal v Anupam & ors Criminal Appeal No. 25 of 2004.

Richa Mishra v State of Chhattisgarh (2016) 4 SCC 179.

Savitaben Somabhai Bhatiya v State of Gujarat(2005) 3 SCC 636.

Secretary, Ministry of Defence v Babita Puniya Civil Appeal Nos 1127-1128 of 2013 and with Civil Appeal No. 1210 of 2020.

Seema v Ashwani Kumar (2006) 2 SCC 578.

Shayara Bano v Union of India Writ Petition (C) No. 118 of 2016.

Sowmithri Vishnu v Union of India (1985) Supp SCC 137.

State of M.P. v Munna Choubey (2005) 2 SCC 710.

State of Maharashtra v Indian Hotel & Restaurants Assn. (2013) 8 SCC 519.

State of Punjab v Ramdev Singh (2004 (1) RCR (Criminal) 345.

State v. Shanker CNR No.: CHCH010097132017 Sessions Case No. 169 of 10.10.2017.

Thota Sesharathamma v Thota Manikyamma (1991) 4 SCC 312.

Uttarakhand Mahila Kalyan Parishad and others v State of U.P. 1993 Supp (1) SCC 480.

V. Revathi v Union of India (1988)2 SCC 72.

Vajresh Venkatray Anvekar v State of Karnataka (2013) 3 SCC 462.

Valsamma Paul v Cochin University (1996) 3 SCC 545.

Velamuri Venkata Sivaprasad v Kothuri Venkateswarlu (2000) 2 SCC 139.

Vijay Lakshmi v Panjab University (2003) 8 SCC 440.

Vishaka v State of Rajasthan (1999) 6 SCC 241.

Voluntary Health Association v State of Punjab (2013) 4 SCC 1.

X v Union of India (2016) CWP 593 (IND)




How to Cite

Gupta, Shipra. 2020. “Judicial Exposition of Gender Justice As a Constitutional Mandate: A Narrative from India”. Brawijaya Law Journal 7 (2):176-94. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.blj.2020.007.02.03.