ERROR: ESSAY NOT FOUND COMPARING CENSORSHIP IN CHINA AND SOUTH KOREA

Quynh-Dan Nguyen

Abstract


Increasing use of Internet all over the world has made world’s communication borderless. While such condition might benefited most people, however, it invites greater risks of misinformation and opportunities for detrimental self-expression. State’s control has various degree of manners in controlling a massive flow of information. This paper will examine the current methods of internet control utilized by the governments of China and Korea, and analyze the extent to which these respective regimes impinge on the human right to freedom of opinion and expression. It begins with an overview on the international standards for freedom of expression, and the limited permissible restrictions upon the right. Furthermore, the examination of the existing legislation and regimes implemented in China and Korea, respectively, and a comparison of features such as legal grounds and practical effectiveness will be undertaken. Finally, it will discuss whether the censorship regimes implemented in China and Korea constitute legitimate restrictions upon, or impermissibly violate, the right to freedom of expression.

 

 


Keywords


Censorship; human rights; freedom of opinion; freedom of expression

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References


JOURNAL

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CONVENTIONS

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, opened for signature 16 December 1966 999 UNTS 171 (entered into force 23 March 1976) art 12, General Comment 27, [43], quoted in Li, above n 18.

LEGISLATIONS

Act on Promotion of Information and Communications Network Utilization and Information Protection, etc (Republic of Korea) 18 August 2012, art 44-2(6).

Cybersecurity Law (Draft)] (People’s Republic of China) National People's Congress Standing Committee, 7 July 2015, art 20 [unofficial English translation found here:

Framework Act on Telecommunications (Republic of Korea) 24 January 2011

Measures for Managing Internet Information Services (People’s Republic of China) National People's Congress Standing Committee, Order No 292, 20 September 2000.

National Security Act (Republic of Korea) 1948.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.blj.2016.00301.02

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